Peoples

Ethnic Gia Rai

14-09-2016 - 17:23 - 354 lượt xem

Quoc Ngoc

 
 
 
 
Gia Rai ethnic living in the mountains west Nguyen.Gia Rai ethnic name calling, along with known as Jam Rai, Cho Ray, Mthun, ToBuan.Tieng Jarai said the language of the Malay - majority island. Gia Rai ethnic nguoi.Cu 469 789 reside in the province of Dak Lak, Gia Lai, Kon Tum, Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa.
 
Ray rice growing (HMA hun flying capacity trailers) cultivated a service, also known as the several cases fallow hrma dir then called hma lesor 8-10 years. Dayla important farmland in the Central Highlands.
 
Cultivation half garden half (ham mnai) because it is the land around the house, on which multi-cultivation medium, medium intensive crops: banana, jackfruit, pineapple, papaya, green beans, tomato, onion, garlic, squash ,. in the li .. Ya Yun Pa district, on land cultivation half half garden, they grow rice, corn interspersed. Jarai people calculate crop production starting daumua rain. They planted many varieties such as mching, b leaves, take, diemh, pdanh, páo, .. Jarai people precocious family farming. Fellow cattle goats horses dog chicken. Cattle do parity exchange material; a pipe can be exchanged gongs 15-20 Buffalo, sufficient cover type can be converted to 30 buffaloes. Previously people used horses in the bull hunting trip, do animals talk to traders Laos or Campu divided. Jarai people no hunting techniques, but fellow elephants trained to take along Highland missed (Laos) or until the Don (Dak Lak) purchase of breeding domesticated elephants to pack and skidding.
 
Just grazing pigs caring, often to slaughter on holidays. Jarai people have to kill the pig is often shared among everyone in the village. Goat rearing to worship and eat. San.ga watchdog and ritual occasions, the common, everyday activities as well as animal or exchange. Jarai people can continue to build, when to build new houses right up chicken coop houses unified direction.
 
His craftsmanship is still sideline Jarai family. Man well skilled rattan basketry, weaving into things of rice, the bearer. Carpentry for shelter and housing, assembled wooden utensils. Forging make those kinds of knives, sharp ax. Especially Jarai people without loom-woven fabric which had a warp in the column, according to bare wood fiber cross frame through the rod anchor two people sitting around, not that used woven throughout, knitting weft into the fabric width to 0.9 m. This weave of ethnographers woven fabric called Indonedieng oldest style.
 
Small matriarchal family is the smallest organization of Jarai people. In her family, the wife, the mother is the property owner. The man who owns the productive forces and foreign affairs. Eldest son married there vo.Khong home according to the couple practices. Inheritance rights belong to the girl. Eldest daughter married to live separately. Elderly parents choose a couple girls (usually the youngest child) to share, his parents adopted daughters inherited more assets.
 
The clan linked to the organization called p loosen or four. Who founded the village name called in the villages or geographic characteristics. P loosen Phin (Phin village springs), p loosen silver (silver his village), traveled a ghost HBU (village H cystic step-father) .... Each village formed a village council (Phom pen depot), including all the men of the roof. Council elects all village elders (po po PUT or four), the way every old man in a board dropped a grain of rice into the hole, Khan called god to rice grains are is forgiven before being elected village home, operating activities in the village.
 
Jarai people eat rice. Corn, sweet potato, cassava is food to eat snacks or to livestock. Top food is chilli salt, vegetable shoots, sometimes with meat and fish. Today fish meat often present in the meal. Every day the whole family can sit around and eat the rice cooker bowl of chili or salt can divide each section for each member. Plus meals do feel taken brew center, around which the delicious food on dishes containing meat or presented on a banana leaf, eat and drink. When the gong tipsy emerged, jubilant singing. Whether in a family, or in the hollow. Except for children, people young and old kind, not including tobacco are preferred.
 
Loincloths white men, plaid colors. Happy day, festival nicer loincloths, indigo fabric patterned each edge, and 2 let many fringed long suffering. Naked hot season, cold weather wear short bow, short sleeve or long sleeve, extra lining outside the quilts. The owner or military leader villages wearing indigo express authority pullovers, long sleeves, bodice covered butt, a piece of red decorative butterfly fear, from the neck to the abdomen. in the middle row along with the buttons attached.
 
Women dressed calf-length indigo. Hem woven around himself and multi-line pattern, only running in parallel. Today, most tube dress, fringed leggings skirt attached many different colors. Both men and women dressed in festive clothes beautiful, often tied ribbon on top, belt fabric in various colors, let fringed long rappelling, many women wear jewelry earrings, necklace, bracelet silver, copper, beads. Jarai people along the highway, the town wore almost identical Kinh
 
N prolific Jarai have chondat further, by building the village: the village chief to 7 grains of rice on the bowl dat.up up, after 3 days and nights open bowl, if 7 is selected intact rice grains are well up village land. villagers organized dining, dancing tunes 3 gongs for waking day is the god of land (Yang ron) of the Jarai people day.ang smaller then a few dozen, a few hundred large to small stilts, each residence small matrilineal families, the village before building, building temporary homes around communal land rong.Nha buildings of smaller Jarai people of Ede, Bana.
 
Jarai people shifting transport to go home are mainly agricultural products by piggybacking baskets, two straps on the shoulder jacket, formerly with pack horses, riding elephants, this is transported by bicycle, vehicle, li popular in the district, town and surrounding areas
 
Jarai people prohibited marriage within the same clan, is strictly forbidden me to pay the doctor the elderly aunt married children but the daughter he was married. Maintains marriage can take her dead wife or sister's spouse can get 'em dead or husband. 18-19 young men and women have the freedom to choose a mate, are the parents of two parties agree and through his connections, all outstanding girls in marriage.
 
The first is the engagement ceremony (fade), held at the bride's dinner wine. He needs to screw connections for couple with wine drinking. Double couple gave each other rings to show loyalty. When organizations have the customary marriage (back home mom "(David Ang ami). The son returned to his house. The girl gave jars of wine, chicken, house dresses to donate to the boys and their son relatives of the husband, stayed for three days as a bride couple, please welcome my husband home to stay permanently
 
Jarai people under domau system so the son went to get married in old age brought death to burial at the family burial place of the mother. This sometimes modified, the husband died was buried in her family. Jarai people who live together conceived the dead bury the same grave. respectively stacked tightly together. When do the real grave grave-leaving ceremony for all those buried in the grave-leaving mo.le Jarai people like grave-leaving ceremony of the Ba Na is the tomb remake pretty much carved wooden icon box set pulses around the tomb, organizing meals, singing a couple of days
 
Jarai people dead thiflinh concept turned into ghost soul so to share the living for the dead known as the map is not the plant that tiny wood. The dead are men, the objects to be knives, axes, baskets, then, smashed wine, straw wine, machetes. the dead are women, it is the bearer of the small map, the rolling cotton, the spinning, winding, the star (ding gong) and also as hoes, knives, accessories for wind ... so on the grave on the tomb .
 
Credit Jarai people nguongda god. Shen farming field (yang kama), the god of malaria (King numbness yang eat), the god of water berths (yang Pen ta), the mountain (yang chak), god of the (yang to), god of the village (yang alobon), the god king ( ptao yang) (king, king of the fire) ... .A god anymore god kind person, that is the soul (bu intense) the dead turned into ghost could become hurt people, expressed in magic harming called ma lai. Children also have their own spirit (yang butter het step-listen). At the age of 15-16 with sacrificial ceremony anklets bracelets (yang cuffs) to have them grow up healthy, so the bracelet in children and adults is both a spiritual jewelry is both the largest sacrificial ceremony the Jarai people are praying a buffalo (community or village can also offer well-off family in) .The small ceremony, it can offer a pig or a chicken.
 
Jarai people also have a unique cultural treasures, epic style phu.Ho also present new found "He mhieng" Jarai people have a local treasure and militia weapons phu.Mua called Living Room, River b Crossed air express train villagers to prepare to fight the enemy, Gam River Board represents employees holding villagers, marks, angle agree with the commander to fight the enemy. Living gor is drumming, dancing fan twigs River dam aggressors, living capsules gleh is aggressive attack, but resides lah beat gong ching is triumphant.
 
Musical instruments of the Jarai people unique and famous, there are forests with male silk bamboo tube on the suspension rigs has attracted millions of listeners at home and abroad. Dan K communal Put a bamboo scaffold par sound by sliding a bit on the tube applause. Nung 12-by-wire tension on the need to connect with key dried gourds. Especially the drums gong comes with leather muffs when up impressive solo evokes immense space majestic Highlands.
 
Jarai people with a visual art treasures are abundant. Textile weaving decorative markings on the tomb, on knitwear, on canvas. Especially the endless treasure of decorative statues around the tomb (rup). The common subjects are men, women crying, joking me, love yourself, naked, the water ... like an elephant statue animals, horses, tigers, leopards, dry, weasels, foxes ...
 
Gia Rai ethnic has made great contributions in the fight against foreign aggression, protecting national construction in the Central Highlands in history as well as the current period. Highlights of the people are involved in the anti-American, anti-spray border protection and anti-checkered conspiracy against our country by foreign hostile forces.
 
Fellow has contributed actively to promote the conservation of traditional culture associated with building a prosperous life, innovation in the majestic Central Highlands region of the country.
 

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