Peoples

Ethnic Gie Trieng

13-09-2016 - 17:37 - 325 lượt xem

Quoc Ngoc

 
 
 
 
Ethnic Gie - Triêng is resident in the northern Highlands - Truong Son, Ngoc Linh paint around pants.
 
Gie - Triêng is call people names, including local groups such as Gie, Ca evidence, Jiang Roy, Tickets, Broong, Gie group is more than there. Voices who Gie - Mon Triêng heading - Kho Mer.
 
Gie -Trieng with 60,091 ethnic people residing mainly in Kon Tum and Quang Nam.
 
Gie people - reside Triêng highland jungle should mainly shifting cultivation way rotation and intercropping. Particularly rotational called mir, cultivated two or three years before 8-10 years fallow, move into new fields. The second type of cultivation depot h on flat terrain near the river, good soil, cultivated variety of the year, after the rice is then potatoes, corn and some other crops. Engine production mainly ax, the tree ballistic knife play, iron rod pierced seal sowing seeds, the short rolling hoe, weeding the rub antlers. who Gie - Triêng often choose healthy couple sowing the first seed bead in the middle piece slash, notions like rice they will avoid diseases, developing well.
 
Industrial Products is quite rich, with dozens of ordinary rice such as spicy bamboo shoots, shoots father, sleeves eyes, communal k fiber cement, concrete cover, chook shoots, shoots kook. Has some kind of sticky rice, glutinous rice wine making, baking dook (bread snail shaped package, no staff)
 
who Gie - Triêng also livestock and poultry, including cattle, pigs, goats and chickens, but undeveloped, Pets not contribute to improve the daily meals that are mainly used for worship. fellow with the habit: pet if bringing in exchange for other things needed is okay, but if you bring slaughter (cattle, pigs, goats) must be divided equally for every family in the village.
 
Who Gie - Triêng has a knack for weaving rattan. Every family can make the rice containers like baskets, sieve, nia, the canister pipe tobacco, betel nut, lime, especially the kind of baskets, baskets can be seen as kind of cosmetics. Weaving quite developed in many places, partly woven fabric that can be exchanged. Pottery stop at crafting new hands into the sky burning baked products such as clay pot cooking.
 
Economic hunters and gatherers still significant proportion of life. When Whole corn, rice ears, potato tuber is to be done in the shack down on Dan started shifting to protect crops interesting. Personal hunting, hunting exercise regularly occur around Ngoc Linh mountains. Searchlight night hunting, hunting day, shouting to be surrounded, cornered beast to pursue direct trapped or killed animals. Previously, they mostly use crossbows beetle, named by old bamboo used to shoot poison small animals. Collective game meat divided among everyone involved, own personal game meat contributes significantly during meals.
 
Who Gie - Triêng residence in the rugged mountains, less social contact should move slowly, are from large families matrilineal family moved to the small paternity. Large family or a large house called kul.Nguoi head per kul also is the head of a family. Who Gie - Triêng many families like: Repeat Energy, Stephen pacer, Xa Na, K separately, Blu him, Lo him, they tied each with a story about the ancestor related to an animal (such as a pacer Ê birds), related to a land (as Na Xa is the religious totem stamps).
 
The large family to maintain a family that is also means tied to a collective production method according to the family and marriage should take place in order to calculate their lines. Operating also in society, the Gie - also remains important Triêng held village.
 
in The Gie - Triêng, called play or p villages spread stamps, including some family (choong). Topping the choong assembled to form an assembly (welmi), head of each specific welmi older is reputed (kra). Kra welmi operating, take care of the production of the village, the Village, the village diplomatic favor. Welmin court was handling legal practices litigation disputes in the village, the offender must be fined by gongs, jars, buffaloes, wine, spirits and longing quintal village feast.
 
Who Gie - Triêng eat rice, they eat rice all sticky. Day three breakfast, lunch and dinner. Likes to eat grilled compatriots for corn, potato, cassava, fish, meat, vegetable soup frequent forest in meals. Food handling practices, puffy lips secular soup, chopsticks bowl this was quite common. Traditional beverage is water, alcohol remains from rice, maize, cassava, millet, and wine made from a coconut tree grows wild in the forest they. Men and women are equal pipe smoking.
 
Men Gie - Triêng naked, loin, hot season. Going to a wedding, the festival added woven knit coat pattern diagonal people, the winter jacket extra blanket. Women are under skirt wrap, also when wearing skirts covered from chest tubes or less, if the wrap dress wear short docked on Long tay.Phu or women wearing more jewelry, all kinds of gold, silver, copper, string beads worn around the neck, ears, wrists, ankles. Women wealthier families ivory earrings. Costumes of Beijing as trousers, shirts, clothing color more soldiers who Gie - Triêng use.
 
His residence practices Gie - Triêng still gathered under the p transmission, usually in high flat ground near water sources. Before the Nop stuffy, Muong Hooang, the whole village is only a hundred-roof, including common space for guests and more space for the small family accommodation. Typically, the village consists of a few tens 10-15 meters long houses arranged in rows (Ro), some three villages called khul. Village rooftops also arranged around a large park, are in the middle of the house towards Rong, as in Germany Zhuang Ngoc Linh mountain around. Previously, the Gie - Triêng in the floor, ground floor 0,8-1m often.
 
Who Gie - Triêng is moving from matriarchy to patriarchy, expressed in that marriage has the husband reside side, just inside the wife's residence. But in the family, when the marriage took place, women proved to be more proactive in that the girl asked the boy what it seeks to advance sound, son case of disagreement, the girl can thanks friends robbed sons and daughters to bring to the big boys a pile of firewood.
 
Who Gie - Triêng soulful living concept (knal), when the dead souls turn into ghosts. Old notions die normally turn into ghost soul healing (years). Sudden death turned into a ghost character data soul (in particular). This ghost contentious eating, fighting, harassing the ceiling, killing cattle ... when someone sick in the house, do I have to offer zombie animals. Accidental deaths ghost characters which are not buried in a certain place hid.
 
Who Gie - Triêng fresh concept dead soul became the ancestors of birds. In the spring of convenient, eligible people kill pigs, buffaloes with wine brought to grave worship, eating, fire, dancing, singing all night. Then abandon the grave, never frequented them anymore grave (grave-leaving ceremony).
 
Who Gie - Triêng under polytheism: angels (in conjunction with the god of thunder), god of the sun, earth god, the god of fire, coal, crops, rice god, the god of agriculture, villages ... Which god of the dead also considered the dominant character of human life. Along with the divine system, every village, every family there are other sacred objects as a talisman hidden in the forest or a secret place that outsiders can not know.
 
Associated with the divine is also cult rituals, ceremonies are important to the buffalo. Old, have a place to worship on the blood of prisoners of war. Schedule an annual ritual takes place in association with the production cycle: land selection ceremony, ceremony cultivation, sowing sowing ceremony, arid ceremony, the opening ceremony thresher, rice ceremony putting up warehouses, 100 baskets of rice ceremony being returned up, when the first ceremony took grain to eat.
 
Associated with the life cycle is the feast when you are pregnant, are pregnant ceremonies, ceremonies before and after childbirth, child naming ceremonies, celebration of sickness and holidays when you floss, the wedding ceremony, feast upon death, ...
 
His holidays Gie - sooner Triêng Tet festival, not with a certain time that holidays organized according to each village.
 
Who Gie - Triêng also many tales of mouth telling each other from generation to generation, along with a number of folk songs to sing to answer, individual singing when shifting, when men and women confessed, music his specific Gie - Triêng plentiful, the most precious is the gong, depending on where the three gong gong fixed but it may be 4,6,7 or 9 units. From that very rich music gongs, gong own sometimes solo, sometimes solo and orchestral drums covered with bamboo tube skin. Originally instrument has abundant bamboo tube blowing through, knocking, flapping. The zither, flute, trumpet, ... also commonly used in musical life.
 
During the resistance war and national construction in after peace was restored, Gie-Triêng fellow has made great contributions. Today the life of the cells was markedly improved following the trend of social progress and promoting cultural traditions of the nation.
 

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