Ethnic la Hu08-10-2016 - 21:31 - 701 lượt xem
La Hu ethnic name calling, which means tiger. The local groups include: La Hu Na (La Hu Black), La Hu Su (La Hu Gold), La Hu Phung (La Hu White).
The voice of the La Hu Tibetan language group - Myanmar
La Hu ethnic girls and only about 11 140 residents concentrated in Muong Te District (Lai Chau)
La Hu people living mainly by shifting cultivation way: planting 2 crops, leaving 3 seasons and then return to farming. Farming tools mainly knives, small hand hoe, especially the hardworking zag (turned upside down tree with tapered fork for hard flame) open land rather sticks to dig holes county. Mainly corn crops, often mixed vegetables, cucurbits, beans ...
With nomadic habits are heavy, the lives of the people still depend on shifting cultivation and exploitation of natural primarily hunters and gatherers. This practice has formed culture very own production of La Hu,
First select datnuong fields, the head of the family by the charge and was conducted in the previous autumn or upland rice, 8th lunar month. Land cultivation is selected to have high humidity, black, loamy. Choose to be a pleasant place, homeowners will move a few meters, and then invoking the permission of forest ma ma nui.Dem home which, if not met the owner dreamless sleep is regarded as an auspicious encounter, dat.Hom following is selected, the landlord brought a bamboo fence shaped ankle clamp to stake a piece of bamboo to mark where land ownership was selected. He became land owners and the dispute could not have happened.
La Hu people preferred rice land first and then go find the land growing maize, beans, cassava follows. When the clearing, both have joined, usually they do rely tent and sleep there during the period of cleaning. Then place where he do consider waiting harvest soup. When the clearing, La Hu people do not cut down the large tree that shaded them leave, moisturizing and regenerating to quickly slash the expiration cycle.
La Hu people have the habit of watching the weather to predict favorable harvests. A different experience is watching the forecast out of strawberry fruit leather, muom, rice to guess dinhmua membrane. If solicited that year, muom, many chemical skin strawberries, beans shifting more bumper results season.
When the rice harvest, corn La Hu people have the habit of drying the spot then piled on the forest. The piles were beaten in a circle several meters high. On top of pile covered with grass thatched roofing to avoid sun rain cover. Part rice, corn, beans early harvest celebrations are brought about as the new rice, remaining ever the need for a new mental cultivation. Yet absolutely never stolen.
Culture shifting production of the La Hu also attached to the beliefs of agricultural rituals of the inhabitants of the high mountains. Throughout the cultivation cycle of the year, mainly ritual demand during Tet season, when worshiping ancestors, offering new rice one month before harvest, rice praying when the wind began to flourish after season the new rice festival.
La Hu people good fishing hunting, fishing. Hunting weapons with muskets, crossbows and traps (trap rope noose on the neck beast, bell trap, then the pit, stone trap, trap clamp). There are 2 ways to hunt: hunt lurk (individuals) and chase (collective). More popular spy hunter, crossbow not much use poison laced names. Fishing along the river takes many forms: procession leaves bitter, do sign, put it, dive underwater to catch fish by hand. In addition, the La Hu also catch frogs in the pond, puddle in canyon.
Economy gatherers occupied a significant position in the life of the Lahu people, including food gatherers (the tree crops such as semolina flour, plant, equipment, grinding tubers white, yellow, early bulbs, seeds rags, all kinds forest fruits ...) and gathering food (wild vegetables, bamboo shoots, mushrooms, black fungus, ..)
La Hu people skilled handicraft weaving and blacksmithing. Trays meals, rattan chairs, mats cloudy, hot ... the famous knitwear, not only sufficient but also family members in exchange for laying around the exchange for cloth, salt, agricultural tools.
La Hu people also many poultry livestock, especially cattle (cattle, horses) quite developed
No trace large family in La Hu people that popular little family is patriarchal, women are involved in handling affairs discussed in the family. La Hu people divided into many clans and each clan was divided into many branches also means totem teachers, as they have branches Pa Vang Russian Church (woodpeckers), they have branches is lo Ly (tiger), Accessories industry poetry (squirrel brown). La Hu people do not have the head of family, no common ritual worship according to their line. Due to the nomadic life long, there is less cohesive families.
La Hu people have moved from eating corn, mostly sticky rice to eat rice. they prefer meat hunted birds or fish, shrimp, frogs, crabs caught in streams, sour bamboo shoot soup, soup beans, cucurbits ...
La Hu people do not have traditional cotton growing. Previously women often provide venison, mushrooms and other types of forest products, fabric knitting supplies in exchange for the other peoples of tailoring clothes. Both men and women wear long pants, long body tunic years until ankles. Clothes are indigo or black. Women's dresses sleeveless garment narrow, accused by many folded fabric blue, white, red and black.
La Hu women have the habit of wearing two shirts: long coat, short coat without sleeves outside. On the neck and around the body garment is usually more attached aluminum coins, silver wire and the only red, yellow. Women and children are often flat top hat, a hat running around the lot lines colored red and yellow fringed pendulous only 2 sides.
La Hu people previously lived in makeshift houses surrounding nomadic farming. Green roofing houses, until the leaves turn yellow again should other people go home La Hu also called Xa La Vang. Today, the La Hu people were in the house assembled Perforated four thatched roofs, the walls or around the bamboo fence. Doors are not uniform, with the opening of a gable, with open gable both sides, with a door opening in front of the house. Indoor layout is as follows: the middle is where the couple slept all homeowners, put hob, placed on the wall behind the altar of the ancestors, a first home is where children and guests, beginning where the other is cacdo rice mortars and sundry. Villages of La Hu people usually land in high mountain slopes, each gathered a few dozen rooftops.
La Hu people under the regime of marital freedom. They prohibit marriage within the same clan, but other industry sectors they can be married; allowed his daughter marriage children, while children older aunt. This represents a lingering kiss of popular phenomenon because exterior is just the second born. La Hu people nor prohibited marriage outside the nation.
La Hu women give birth right in his bedroom with the help of her mother and sisters. Vegetables lay buried in the middle of the house. After giving birth 3 days to do child naming ceremony. Name infants usually set by date of birth.
About funeral, when a new person in the house not breathing, they fired two shots chohoj newspapers, neighbors said. The body was placed on a comparison between home, wash clean, put the stick next to the dead to the dead "live" in the afterlife.
When mourners digging out a new forest to throw punitive way, the egg falls somewhere digging there.
Fellow humans that 12 souls. The soul dwells in the kitchen in the house (La Hu people put the kitchen in the same space with the seats located between the husband and wife owners and ancestral altars). Fellow at normal conception only one soul in him, while the other soul wanders into the animal or as foxes, monkeys. The fox, hard to eat other animals alive due to sickness shaman (ang hours) evocation of the ceremony from the illness. La Hu people are notions that the animals have souls. Slow growth or sick pigs must have soul. The concept of marriage like that reflects lingering 1 very vague about ancient time when humans and other animals live longer pristine.
La Hu people ancestor worship in 2 ways: both parents died, he built an altar offerings; he both died and passed back to him two, he three, the eldest up the altar. Because La Hu live long nomadic, living dispersing cohesive family. Broken down by sector clan ancestors should also quickly dispersed their branches. At the same time they also ancestor dispersed in groups.
La Hu Phoenix Group ancestor not on the day that parents take on holidays throughout the year, do not use alcohol meat offering that only unique offerings of rice wrapped in leaves of forest. La Hu people Master and La Hu Na ancestor after sowing the toast is ready, usually at the festival in June, the new rice festival May 11. Ritual materials necessary to have 2 cups of wine, a bowl of rice, meat dishes and ginger. Ginger is an offering to ancestors descendants realized (affordable in many mountainous areas cold, ginger has anti-rust good, and multiply tillering ginger as their descendants should ginger industry indispensable offerings ancestor)
Every year, La Hu people can keep on Tiger Day in April, after having sown maize early, each usually worshiped the god of (Prime TV) that gas station called seasonal demand worship god bless main addresses health humans, animals and lush crop cultivation.
As fellow teachers fetishistic concept - everything is so soulful that corn, rice and soulful, the harvest must worship this spirit. Finished harvesting rice piled up, on top of each pile covered with a little grass thatched to keep rice soul. Finished harvesting, worshiping spirits with offerings of rice: rice balls eggs, when she won the offerings left, then remove some of the rice offered, fewer eggs for use on several sheaves atop piles of rice, as rice soul focuses on dirty. When threshing in this pile of rice into the soul of another pile. Finished beating out the heap, then bring some panicle (rice spirit) of rice placed on indoor boyfriend.
Every year, on the day of the October Horse, the family of blacksmiths were offering their patriarchs. Ritual is done right smithy with all appliances such as hammer, anvil, pliers ...
La Hu mouth people counted days, counted 12 animal calendar month, every month corresponds to one animal. Ethnic food festival every year in June after corn harvest early and in November, after the late harvest of corn and wheat. Villages are not the same day food festival. Certain villages before the Tet harvested first, then later, after Tet. Tet usually lasts 3-5 days. In the days of the festival, usually held each play, beating drums as the rhythm for the dance tune spreading. The boys compete to blare elected tube structure with 5 different lengths, creating sound funny ears.
From the harsh life of poverty, according to the Party over the years, according to the Revolution, the life of the cells was completely renovated according to the trend of social progress. The campaign basically sedentary completed. Producing fields of water, sloping land cultivation has changed the farming practices previously backward. The campaign to build cultural life in association with conservation facility promoting traditional culture is being done with the results. Results that build confidence relatives La Hu on the innovation of the Party leadersh