Ethnic Lo Lo

08-10-2016 - 21:25 - 701 lượt xem

Quoc Ngoc

Lo Lo ethnic name calling themselves the Lo Lo, this is also the official ethnic identity documents used in the State. Yi people have two great local groups, so outfits that call for distinguishing the flowers Lo Lo, Lo Lo Lo Lo Black also called himself the voice of his people have slightly different due from local area residents phonetic resident, so often seen as self-name: Humus Auntie, Auntie Monitor, Monitor Only (means the Di, is derived from the Chinese). Also known by other ethnic groups called: La La, Via La, Lu Loc Monitors, O Man.
Yi people originated from the North down (due to social conditions), but they are present very early in the Vietnam-China border, the north pole of Vietnam, on the mountains. They live the native settlements and settlements all along the northernmost province of Ha Giang, Cao Bang, Lao Cai, Tuyen Quang and Lai Chau. For nearly 100 years ago, Yi people also lived colony along the ethnic groups of alpine village with Hmong, Dao, Giay, Tay ...
Yi people belonging to linguistic Han - Tibet, Tibetan language group - Myanmar. In the linguistic ethnic Han - Tibetan in our country, people still find traces of hieroglyphs Lo Lo has around XIV century, written on animal skin, thin wood ... We have some families still keep preserve traces of ancient letters, but no one who reads understand. It has long disappeared in Lot Lo.Tuy national life in the Chinese border, not as a nation on the other, the majority of Yi people do not use the word drought. Lo Lo ethnic approximately 4314 people.
Economic production
Agriculture is the main production activities of Yi people. They are residents traditionally farming, due to the conditions where they are mainly in farming on terraced fields have irrigation systems. Yi people do rely on the earth by, shifting hoe in places with steep slopes. Yi people see corn is the main staple maize development should take place at the very coskinh trong.Ho cave experience in agricultural land. Upland farming land to grow maize rocks. On the rocky mountainside, they break stones clustered to form small cavities. If the cultivated land is available, no dirt into the bearing. Each grain corn chips long recess. They use manure should know the small barren rocks about half a meter to 2.3 meters has a flap corn, green. Yi people know to take advantage of intensive cultivation of rice fields, corn niches. They also intercropping of vegetables, beans, nuts, potatoes: skull, sweet, professional, yams. They also grow cotton and weaving. Previously, Yi people have the poppy cultivation, has quit.
Yi people sickles used to cut wheat. Plows agricultural tools (buffaloes), harrows, lawn rakes, hoes, knives found, sickle ... Knowing use of compost and fertilizer leaves. With Yi people work gatherers no important role. Since the settlement, so the livestock dinhcanh which also varies: pigs, chickens, goats, horses, cattle ... largely self-feeding grazing, half day to eat more. Lo Lo compatriots have fairly large buffalo and horses, using pack horses to market, download split up the field, carrying people.
Means of transport and traveling mostly by Yi people is worn over the shoulder basket used to transport goods, babies strapped. Transporting horses can go where the road was. Nowadays they use motorcycles.
Yi people known as the Northeast economic exchange of goods or items in the marketplace. They buy salt, production tools, fabrics, drugs ... and sell agricultural commodities, livestock and pharmaceuticals.
Daily life
IN. House of the Yi people live depending on local, often there are three types of housing: the most ground, floor and half floor. Houses usually a time, two bottles, or three two bottles. Houses are taking place is flat along the foothills or mountain, hillside. Type a 30-40cm thick walls made of earth works, to keep warm winter and defense against robbers. House floor half land half depending on terrain just as the personal and local habits.
Oh. Yi people eat mainly corn. Powdered corn served with vegetable soup. Cattle used in the festival, the festival and ritual day. Use wooden bowl, wooden spoon in eating.
Wear. Yi people know sew woven fabric. Nowadays they usually buy. Long hair (female) around the first question, the indigo-white long scarf three layers. Women wear round neck, chest sawed, pullovers (in Bao Lac group). Another group wore square neck, pullover, long sleeve. Lo Lo women have very good technique of patchwork colors decorated shirt, pants. Li said extraction skirt and pleated quite nice. Male clothes indigo simple. This day they like to wear suits as Kinh.
Social relations and customs
As mentioned above, the Yi people live together and live settlements stable from early settlers. Families often live 2 or 3 generations (grandparents - parents-children) have common economic. Every family ancestor worship - this is one of the forms of belief. Worship not the lines of growth, first line as some ethnic groups in the north. Statistics altar-door opposite the main entrance space, above all incense holder. Only at the Lo Lo people with ancestral symbols made wooden plaque mounted on the cliff. Ancestry hierarchically from left to right. with a population of less than 4,000 people, but the Lo Lo has over 30 different families: Gold, Chong, Lo, Ly, Ban, Huang, Lu, Nung, Doan, ... Lo Lo people hold the principle of wedlock, should the different families are married. Family has its own rules, with its own cemetery (located in the general cemetery)
Agricultural rituals are religious forms related to rice, wheat parent, usually carried out by each family, and the general in the. Every year, on the first occasion, the ceremony Lo Lo awakened soul rice, steam rice ceremony, broke ground, donating lands.
Wedding. Lo Lo people patrilineal, married to her husband at home. The marriage also conducted step by step: plighting, engagement, wedding, bride procession. Marriage is costly and cumbersome because the concept marry off children, the girl child should be treated as the bride takes very high. Lo Lo people allowed her son (the sister or the sister) married to the daughter he and not vice versa shall be made dinhnay.
Funerals. A person who has lost family, the neighbors, the same concern in a very personal manner customary Lo Lo represents the ancient head-hunting. Some men stripped, tree leaves used to wrap the body, paint chips used spathe or mask so no one noticed. All wait to pull on the afternoon of mourning. On the way to meet anyone, especially women, disguised union struck with sticks, throwing stones and can repel the deadly not bluff. Masked men in camouflage because, the body should not be able to know who was responsible for the deaths. And the villagers have said the practice should not the road to avoid the plague. To families of the dead, the crowd around the corpse costume dance (afternoon), and dance the evening before putting ghosts of the dead. They danced absolute silence, not laughing, asked each other. Done funeral, dressed in forest Group disposed of masks, sheets and clothes back to the village. In many places women also participated in the costume. A man is dancing, but their belts canvas bag as shown in the box containing the piece of wood or gourd with painted faces who nam. This reflects the ancient head-hunting in the Lo Lo residents. During the funeral, the son-in-law plays an important role. He started carrying the coffin 1 (if the parents and wife), he also was the first to land on the island set up for parents and wife's grave. During the funeral, the Lo Lo copper drum to bring the soul of where ecstasy. Bronze drums buried in the soil and keep it a secret, only to be dug up in the funeral or major sacrifices.
Chinese New Year is very big organization and sacred as the Vietnamese and Chinese. They wait-minute countdown. As any first crow rang in the Where is the moment of take it as a countdown. Home home, men carry guns firing to the sky echoes recipes, with burning flares. Women pulled together the first streams of water please. Pigs, cattle, chickens, ducks ... were awakened loudly. Disturbing the horse rearing and exuberant New Year spring.
Art culture. Lo Lo people from hundreds of years was not aware of th old hieroglyphs ancient peoples, so that leaves a large treasure of culture, art is from word of mouth. Stories about the drum area, the area of ​​origin Lo Lo (via cataclysmic, surviving two brothers get into the blank). Sprint all, nobody. They married and became master of the Lo Lo nest now) .Chuyen morning by his poetry is a myth or from Lo Lo. Lo Lo people there singing tunes, folk songs and proverbs are handed down. Today, people learn Mandarin Lo Lo, rapid progress in the new regime, many finished level 2, level 3 (today's high school), college, someone parked Dr, employees economic, scientific.
A personal touch, unique still maintain today's drums Lo Lo is used in important holidays, the New Year's Eve and off the dead on the resting place. Bronze drums, drummers express how conceptions of the universe, heaven and earth, yin and yang as understood by Lo Lo ethnic groups. Bronze drums were secretly buried underground secret places. When something dug up, cleaned. There are male and drum empty, so users must type both double drum. Regulations not only man and wife but vohoac if the wife is not in the period of pregnancy, then to be drumming. Two drum facing each other, with a gap in between. Impressive drummers drumming stick with two ends and awl. Drumming with variations, rhythm, high and low, big or small. It has created 36 bronze drum dance.
Costume (no dressing) and dance festival is also typical culture, ancient retaining Lo Lo people. Harmony of yin and yang concept is expected to generate and preserve life has been concretized in the past Lo Lo people to simultaneously use the male drum and big drum. Drawings from a bovine inflated pig trying to create the shape of the genital organs used in the dance carnival dead is also a yin-yang symbol.
Lo Lo people still be retained at singing folk songs and poetry as drums Sing said lead (news), Sing more money, ...

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