Chinese-Chinese relations in the eyes of a Chinese scholar13-03-2017 - 06:44 - 712 lượt xem
Nguyen Huy Hoang- Pa ve Su
In early February of this year, I had a second visit to Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Unlike my first visit four years ago, this time I decided to spend most of my five days here exploring museums in the city. In Vietnam this is a dry season, and the museums will provide a pleasant refuge in the heat of the street. Besides, my son was only four years old during the first visit, and I thought it was four more years to learn something from museums on the history and culture of a country that had visited two rolling.
More importantly, as a political scientist, I hope they will help me find out how Vietnam perceives its relationship with China. Given the great importance of museums - as well as maps and census surveys - in the process of forming national identity, as Benedict Anderson discussed extensively in the highly acclaimed book The Your Imagined Communities, I am sure the Vietnamese government's story of bilateral relations will be different from that of the Chinese government, but I do not know exactly how different it is.
On the morning of Monday, I went to the War Remnants Museum. I have heard people who visited the museum say this is a place reserved for the war between Vietnam and the United States. I also know that China has provided a great deal of aid to Vietnam in the war, although Beijing never revealed the exact number. One Chinese source estimates that this figure is about $ 20 billion (based on prices in the 1970s). Moreover, Beijing sent 300,000 military personnel across the border between 1965 and 1968, according to another source. So before coming to the museum, I thought there would be at least a couple of artifacts to recognize the generous help that China has for Vietnam.
The ground floor of the museum is a collection of photos and posters. The photos show rallies, marches, and anti-war protests around the world (and in the United States), while posters use words and images to convey national support. For Vietnam and against the United States. At the end of the collection I met three photos. The first photograph of Mao Zedong with Ho Chi Minh. The second shot of two airship balloons hung two long ribbons - a record of the "five-year-old president" and a record of "President Ho's last five" - on the crowded Tiananmen Square in Beijing. The third photograph of Mao welcomed a Vietnamese delegation. It turns out that only three of these photographs in the three-storey museum suggest Vietnam's recognition and gratitude for China's assistance during the Vietnam War.
On the afternoon of the fourth day, I visited the History Museum. After swiftly going through the first two galleries, with traditional artifacts and costumes, I arrived at the entrance to the third gallery. At the top of the entrance is a sign that reads "North of - Fight for independence." This third exhibit pavilion has about twenty dozen posters and maps of the setting. I am particularly attracted to a poster, verbatim (verbatim) as follows:
After An Duong Vuong failed in the resistance against Trieu Da (179 BC), Vietnam was ruled, exploited, and assimilated by Chinese feudal dynasties. For more than 1,000 years, the Vietnamese have made every effort to preserve the traditional culture, ethnic language, culture and culture of the Han; At the same time, it organized more than 100 rebels against the invaders to gain the sovereignty over the first rebellion of Hai Ba Trung (40-43 AD). In 938, Ngo Quyen completely expelled Chinese invaders on the historic Bach Dang River, beginning the era of freedom and independence for the Vietnamese.
After the poster is a series of restoration maps, showing not only the routes of "Chinese invaders" in succession, but also the location of the resistance. A map depicting "the typical uprising against the Northern invaders (1st-10th centuries)." One showing the "victory of the Dai Viet army against the Sung invaders (1076-1077) "The third map shows the" Lam Son insurrection (1418-1427). "By the time I stepped out of the entrance, I had a clear view of how the Chinese once - and probably still - - recognized by its southern neighbor.
Coming back to the hotel room in the evening, I tried to explain what I saw in the Museum of History. By chance I brought a travel book of Lonely Planet in 2014 to Vietnam, so I started reading a brief introduction to the history of the country. Then I saw an entry titled "China Bites Back," which reads:
China once again took control in Vietnam in the early 15th century, bringing the country's archives and some intellectuals to Nanjing [the Ming Dynasty] - a long-lasting loss on Vietnamese civilization. High taxes and heavy labor
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